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Web Design - Intro to HTML

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Overview
Flight Path
Learning Objectives
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IDSkill_name
 6 I can use basic HTML tags to change the formatting of text on my website
 5 I can use a basic editor to create a web page
 2 I can style my HTML using the style Tag
 4 I can create simple hyperlinks

🏁 Learning Objective 1 :- I can use basic HTML tags to change the formatting of text on my website


What is HTML?

HTML is the standard markup language for creating Web pages.

  • HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
  • HTML describes the structure of Web pages using markup
  • HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages
  • HTML elements are represented by tags
  • HTML tags label pieces of content such as "heading", "paragraph", "table", and so on
  • Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but use them to render the content of the page

A Simple HTML Document

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head>
<title>Page Title</title>
</head>
<body>

<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

Example Explained

  • The <!DOCTYPE html> declaration defines this document to be HTML5
  • The <html> element is the root element of an HTML page
  • The <head> element contains meta information about the document
  • The <title> element specifies a title for the document
  • The <body> element contains the visible page content
  • The <h1> element defines a large heading
  • The <p> element defines a paragraph

Exercise - HTML Tags

Click the 'Try it yourself' button and make a web page that looks like the text below.
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Try it Yourself »

Extension Question

Now try and make your page look like the text below using the different heading styles

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Try it Yourself »

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🏁 Learning Objective 2 :- I can use a basic editor to create a web page


Create your first website

With what you learned so far, you are now only minutes away from making your first website.

Getting organised

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Open your text editor

In oreder to create our web page we need to use an editor, we are going to use Notepad++.

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Exercise - Create a web page

1. Copy the text below into notepad++

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<body>

<h1>My First Web Page</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>

2. Change the Language to HTML using the dropdown menu - see example below

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3. Now in the menu select File - Save As andsave your web page in your 'Web Design' folder as a file called index.html

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Extension Task

Open your page in a web browser


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See if you can work out what these additional tags are used for.
  • <hr>
  • <br>
  • <i>
  • <b>
  • <li>
  • <div>
  • <span>
Click here for help »

Update your objectives

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🏁 Learning Objective 3 :- I can style my HTML using the style Tag


HTML <style> Tag

The <style> tag is used to define style information for an HTML document.

Inside the <style> element you specify how HTML elements should appear in a browser.

Each HTML document can contain multiple <style> tags.


Definition and Usage

The <style> tag is used to define style information for an HTML document.

Inside the <style> element you specify how HTML elements should render in a browser.

Each HTML document can contain multiple <style> tags.


Example

Use of the <style> element in an HTML document:

<html>
<head>
<style>
    h1 {color:red;}
    p {color:blue;}
</style>
</head>
<body>

 <h1>A heading</h1>
 <p>A paragraph.</p>

</body>
</html>
Try it Yourself »

Exercise - <style> Tags

Now try and add to your HTML to make the page look like the text below
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More styles

We can also change other style elements for example:
  • font-size:36px; will increase the text to 36px
  • background-color:red; will change the background of the styled element to red.
  • text-align:center; will align the position of the text with the center of the page.

  • Extension Question

    Now try and make the page look like the image below using the new styles


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    Click here to see my effort >>
    See if you style these tags in your page/h5>
  • <hr>
  • <br>
  • <i>
  • <b>
  • <li>
  • <div>
  • <span>


  • Update your objectives

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    🏁 Learning Objective 4 :- I can create simple hyperlinks


    HTML Links - Hyperlinks

    HTML links are hyperlinks. You can click on a link and jump to another document. When you move the mouse over a link, the mouse arrow will turn into a little hand.

    Note: A link does not have to be text. It can be an image or any other HTML element.


    HTML Links - Syntax

    In HTML, links are defined with the <a> tag:

    <a href="url">link text</a>

    Note: The Url is the Web address of the web page you find in the address bar. e.g. "http://www.learnitwithmrc.co.uk/"

    Example

    <a href="https://www.w3schools.com/html/">Visit our HTML tutorial</a>
    Try it Yourself »

    Note: The href attribute specifies the destination address (url) (https://www.w3schools.com/html/) of the link.

    The link text is the visible part. Clicking on the link text will send you to the specified address.


    Exercise - Adding links

    See if you can add hyperlinks to your new website page like the ones below


    Extension Activity - Target attributes

    Now try out the following to understand basic difference in few options given for target attribute
    <!DOCTYPE html>
    <html>
    <head>
    <title>Hyperlink Example</title>
    <base href="https://www.tutorialspoint.com/">
    </head>
    <body>
      <p>Click any of the following links</p>
      <a href="/index.php" target="_blank">Opens in New</a> |
      <a href="/index.php" target="_self">Opens in Self</a> |
      <a href="/index.php" target="_parent">Opens in Parent</a> |
      <a href="/index.php" target="_top">Opens in Body</a>
    </body>
    </html>
    

    Working examples: - Click below to see what happens.

    Opens in New | Opens in Self | Opens in Parent | Opens in Body

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    Teacher Date: 2020-07-05


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