Computing
Computer Science LearnITWithMrC ⛯ Year 7 Year 8 Year 9 GCSE
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What do I need to Learn?

I need to learn how to understand that the three combining principles (sequence, iteration/repetition and selection/choice) are basic to all imperative programming languages.

Key Terms

Imperative languages Declarative languages Sequences Iteration Selection Assignment Comparison operations

Imperative languages

Imperative languages are a style of language that are built from commands which state how the program must operate. A command is an instruction that the computer must follow.

Three Principles of Imperative Languages

The three key elements of imperative programming languages are:

  1. Sequence - The order in which commands are executed
  2. Selection - The ability to branch the code depending upon a condition.
  3. Iteration The ability to repeat the code based upon a condition.

The key features of imperative programming languages are:

  • Variables - A label with an assigned values thats is created to store the value of a data type in memory. A variable can change its value while the program is running.
  • Constants - Constants are identical to variables, except that the value cannot be changed while the program is running
  • Assignment Placing a value into a variable.
  • Mathematical operations The ability to compute calculations using operators such as + - = etc.
  • Comparison operations Operators Used to compare values and create true or false results such as > < == etc.
  • Subroutines A piece of code that is defined by its own name and that can be reused by reference to that name. It can return a value and be passed values.
  • Flowchart examples for the three key elements:
    Sequence,Selection and Iteration (repetition)


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